Graetz, Michael J., Professor of Law, Columbia Law School, Statement At a Hearing of the House Ways and Means Committee on Tax Reform and Consumption-Based Tax Systems, July 26, 2011

“…It is the central contention of my book, and the centerpiece of my proposal, that the fundamental reform required to create an internationally competitive, administratively efficient, and viable long-term solution to our funding requirements is to make a different choice.  We should eliminate the income tax for the overwhelming majority of Americans and replace it with a broad-based tax on sales of goods and services. We should return the income tax to its original, manageable purpose: the collection of a simpler tax on high-income earners who tend to have multiple income sources. And we should dramatically lower our corporate income tax rate. In order to do that, we need to tax consumption, sales of goods and services.”…

“…For those unfamiliar with my Competitive Tax plan, it has four key pieces:

• First, enact a value added tax – a broad based tax on sales of goods and services now used by more than 150 countries worldwide.  We are the only OECD country that does not have a VAT or, as it is sometimes called, a goods and services tax.

 • Second, use the revenues produced by that consumption tax to finance an income tax exemption of $100,000 of family income and to lower substantially the individual income tax rate on income above that amount.

 • Third, lower the corporate income tax rate to 15%, or at most 20%.

 • Fourth, replace the earned income tax credit and provide low and middle income families with tax relief from the VAT burden through payroll tax offsets and debit cards….”

 “…Opponents of value-added taxes often complain that they are regressive, and if such a sales tax were to fully replace our income tax, as proponents of the so-called Fairtax urge, tax burdens would indeed be shifted down the income scale.  So I designed my Competitive Tax Plan in a manner generally to change neither the progressivity of the tax system nor the amount of revenue produced under current law.  This allows my proposal to be evaluated by comparing it directly to the current system, and it follows the important precedent of both distributional and revenue neutrality that facilitated enactment of the 1986 Tax Reform Act, our last major tax reform…”

“…A great advantage of my Competitive Tax plan is that, by introducing a border-adjustable value added tax on sales of goods and services and thereby decreasing our nation’s need to rely so heavily on the income tax to finance our government’s spending, we can have a tax system that is fair and yet substantially more favorable to economic growth than our current system…”